|Pollution and Resource||59||48||47||58||51|
|% of total taxes||8.9%||8.5%||8.3%||8.1%||7.8%|
€5.2 billion of environment related taxes were collected in 2017, the highest level yet recorded. Energy taxes (mainly taxes on transport fuels) accounted for 62% of total environment taxes in 2017 with another 37% coming from Transport taxes (including motor tax and vehicle registration tax).
An environment tax is defined by Regulation (EU) 691/2011 as:
"A tax whose tax base is a physical unit (or a proxy of a physical unit) of something that has a proven, specific negative impact on the environment, and which is identified in the European System of Accounts as a tax."