|Average Weekly Earnings||Average Hourly Earnings||Average Weekly Paid Hours||Average Hourly Total Labour Costs||Average Weekly Earnings||Average Hourly Earnings||Average Weekly Paid Hours||Average Hourly Total Labour Costs|
|Quarterly change %||1.2||1.1||-||1.6|
|Annual change %||4.1||3.8||0.3||3.2|
|* Preliminary Estimates|
Average weekly earnings were €761.65 in Q4 2018, an increase of 4.1% from €731.86 one year earlier according to preliminary estimates of the Earnings and Labour Costs Quarterly release. Final data for average weekly earnings in Q3 2018 were €742.75 and showed an increase of 3.5% over the same period in 2017. See tables 1 and 4.
Other features of the preliminary results for Q4 2018 include:
For frequently asked questions regarding data presented in this release, please see here.
Unadjusted average weekly earnings increase in all 13 sectors in year to Q4 2018
Average weekly earnings were €761.65 in Q4 2018, which represents average earnings in the Irish economy. There are variations in earnings across the sectors of the economy with the highest average weekly earnings of €1,175.46 in the Information and Communication sector, followed by the Financial, insurance and real estate activities sector at €1,084.89. The lowest average weekly earnings were €360.73 in the Accommodation and food service activities sector and €493.12 in the Arts, entertainment, recreation and other service activities sector. See table 1 and figure 2.
Average weekly earnings increased in all 13 sectors of the economy in the year to Q4 2018. The largest percentage increase was 10.5% in the Administrative and support services sector where average weekly earnings rose from €547.52 to €605.01 in the year to Q4 2018. The second largest increase was 9.1% in the Transportation and storage sector which rose from €781.47 to €852.79 over the year. See table 1 and figure 2.
Average weekly earnings in the public sector (including semi-state) showed an increase of 2.3% from €944.64 to €966.40 in the year to Q4 2018. There was also an increase in average weekly earnings in the private sector of 4.4%, from €672.47 to €702.24 over the same period. See table 1.
In the five years to Q4 2018 average weekly earnings rose by 9.7%, from €694.03 in Q4 2013 to €761.65. All sectors have seen increases to average weekly earnings across individual sectors over this period, ranging between +21.8% in the Administrative and support service activities sector and 0.5% in the Arts, entertainment, recreation and other services sector. See table 1 and figure 2.
Note: While there is no internationally agreed methodology for assessing the public / private sector wage gap, the CSO has published analyses of the differential using the National Employment Survey for 2007-2010 and a matched Quarterly National Household Survey and P35 dataset for 2011-2014. These analyses took account of compositional differences between the public and private sector, such as occupational mix, sectors of activity, gender balance, union membership, etc. The public sector pay gap in 2014 was estimated to range from -0.36% to +5.05% depending on the specification applied and the treatment of the Pension Levy. See analysis for 2007-2010 here and for 2011-2014 here.